Ottoman  Tagged Articles RSS Feed | Ottoman  RSS Feed on en Launch Media Network The Best 7 Perfect Historical Leaders Based on Europa Universalis IV's Standard Thu, 14 Apr 2016 10:23:57 -0400 StratGamer48

Europa Universalis IV is a grand strategy game that features historical events and people. Its developer, Paradox Interactive, is doing their best to simulate global history from 1444 to 1821. Within these 377 years, there were many great rulers and generals from different parts of the world who rose to power. In game, Paradox gave historical rulers stats with 0 being the lowest to 6 being the highest based on their administrative, diplomatic and military performance. If a ruler has 6 monarch points in all three skills, it means the ruler is perfect in all perspectives. Technology research will be faster if rulers have higher monarch points.

There are seven "perfect rulers" throughout the whole game. As all of them are "perfect rulers", I ranked them on their availability in game and their fixed military stat for firing, shocking, maneuver and siege, which are rated by their performance in historical battles. I will refer to them as the "four military stats" in the list below. 

7. Mori Takachika

Takachika is the Daimyo of the Mori Clan in1837. In that period, the Tokogawa Shogunate were facing imperialist threats from the Western world. At first, he was loyal to the emperor and tried to expel foreign imperialists and let Japan stay in isolation. However, it resulted in defeat at Shimonoseki. Afterward, he proposed to westernize and became a major player in the Meiji Restoration. 

Takachika is only playable if players modified the timeline in game. Even though he is playable, it isn't until the very end of the game and he can hardly be used, hence the reason I put him in last place.

Mori Takachika statue in Yamaguchi, Japan

6. Noriaki Uesugi

Noriaki is the Daimyo of the Uesugi Clan. He is the shogunate who united Japan from the Nanboku-Cho, a period of time when there were two imperial courts rivaling each other and claimed to be emperor of Japan. They were the Northern Imperial Court of Ashikaga Takauji in Kyoto, and a Southern Imperial Court of Emperor Go-Daigo in Yoshino. In 1392, the southern court declined being united by Noriaki. Later, he started a centralization reform and eventually held more power than the Takauji.

Unlike Takachika, Noriaki's timeline is placed before the game starts. If players modified the timeline, they still can use Noriaki until his death. At the same time, neither of them are playable without  modification.

Statue of Nariaki Uesugi in the Golden Pavilion at Kyoto, Japan

5. Pyotr I Veliky

Known as Peter the Great, Peter is the Russian Tsar who studied shipbuilding in the Netherlands at a young age and initiated a revolution against the traditionalist and westernization of Russia. Also, he won the Great Northern War, which resulted in the rise of the Russian Empire and the decline of Sweden and Poland-Lithuania Commonwealth after claiming Baltic ports from Sweden.

Peter is actually a playable "perfect ruler" in 1682. Because he lacks a fixed military stat, he is ranked after the following Top 4.

Portrait of Peter the Great

4. Henry VI

Known as "Henry the Great" and "Good King Henry", Henry VI rebuilt France after destruction from the French War of Religion. In the administration, he promoted education, agriculture, and expeditions to Canada. Nevertheless, he is known for his benevolence and love for his subjects. He is one of the few kings loved by the people during the French Revolution.

Henry VI is a playable French king in 1589 and has a 4,4,2,0 in the four military stats. With such stats, he definitely is able to "make France great again" after the French War of Religion.

Portrait of Henry IV 

3. Akbar I

Similar to Good King Henry, Akbar the Great is Known for his expansion of the Mughal Empire, religious tolerance and a centralized taxing system on military and subjects. Akbar also rewarded his officials based on merit instead of ethnic and religion background. He conquered most of neighboring powers during his military campaigns.

Akbar has a military stat of 4,4,2,2. He is evenly matched as Henry IV, but as he conquered other neighboring factions, a 2 in siege is given by Paradox.

Drawing of Akbar the Great

2. Gustav II Adolf

Gustav is one of the best generals in the list as he innovated new formations and weapons for the Swedish army. In the Thirty Year War, the Protestant League usually referred to him as "Lion of the North" since he defeated Catholic armies multiple times. One of the notable examples would be the Battle of Breitenfeld in which he defeated a much larger Catholic army. As a result of the battle, German Protestant states ensured their freedom of religion not being prosecuted by the Catholic Church. In the same time, Sweden became a strong and influential power in Europe.

Gustav's excellent performance in the the Thirty Year War led Paradox to give him a 6,5,6,1 in military stats.

Gustav II Adolf being presented in EU4 loading screen

1. Frederick the Great

Frederick's reign is an example of Enlightened Absolutism. As a monarch, he modernized the Prussian bureaucracy, civil service and encouraged religious tolerance. Similar to Gustav, his achievements in the military are more famous than administration. Frederick led Prussia to win the Seven Year War, which historian argue is the first world war as European colonies and natives were fighting as well. In North America, it is known as the French-Indian War. Although he did not make Prussia as strong as great powers like Great Britain and France after the Seven Year War, Prussia was able to maintain their state of existence before entering the war. 

Paradox rated Frederick 6,6,6,1. It means he is the most prominent general in the battlefield within this list.

Frederick the Great and his generals during the Seven Years War

Almost made it to the list

There are more great leaders in this period of time other than the seven I listed above. Perhaps they had some "flaws" in their political life, so Paradox did not rate them with 6s across the board. However, they are indeed great leaders in history. Here is list of "Almost Perfect Historical Leaders Based on EU4 Standard" and their major achievements: 

  • Gjergj Skanderberg, (6,5,6) Albania, 1443, defended Albania from Ottoman invasion for 20 years
  • Elizabeth I, (6,6,5) England. 1558, economic reform, defeated Spanish Armada and united religion in England
  • Minjo, Kaffa, (6,5,6) 1390, founder of Kaffa, first to innovate a method for roasting coffee 
  • Ang Chan I, Khmer, (5,6,6) 1516, defended Khmer from Siam and conquered land from it
  • Zhu Di, Ming, (5,6,6) 1402, won succession war at Jingnan Campaign, conquest of Vietnam, defeated Northern Yuan and initiated treasure voyages
  • Ismail, Morocco, (6,5,6), 1672, defeated Ottoman invasion and stayed independent, reconquered North African port cities from Spain
  • Abbas I, Persia, (6,5,6), 1587, military reform and reconquered lost territories from Uzbek, Ottoman, Portuguese and Mughal
  • Catherine the Great, Russia, (6,6,5), 1762, conquered Polish-Lithuanian, Persian and Ottoman territories, patron of art, literature and education, and issued paper money
  • Suleiman the Magnificent,  Ottoman, (6,5,6), 1520, conquered Persian, North African, European and Arabian territories, reformed education, taxation and criminal law
Origin of Europa Universalis IV's Global Empires' Tradition, National Ideas and Ambition (Part 1) Fri, 25 Mar 2016 06:38:03 -0400 StratGamer48

Europa Universalis IV is a grand strategy game developed by Paradox Interactive. The time setting of this game is in the year 1444, when the Byzantine Empire was declining and ending the Medieval Age. It runs all the way to 1821, the year of Napoleon Bonaparte's death. Any nation on the map is playable, and players also can create own custom nation via the El Dorado DLC.

Before taking a peek into the game's global powers, I have to define three terms on the title:

  1. Tradition: Two bonus abilities given to nations based on their heritage and history
  2. National Ideas: The seven national ideas gained for unlocking ideas from idea groups. There are total of 21 idea groups in the game separated into 3 different categories -- Administrative, Diplomatic and Military. No matter which groups players choose, picking 3 ideas from a group will unlock one national idea.
  3. Ambition: After players unlock all seven National Ideas, they can receive a unique bonus when unlocking the ambition

In addition, the game's AI will try its best to stimulate a nation's behavior based on history. Hence, the following nations are going to become global empires:

1. England/Great Britain

They share the same national ideas. Scotland can form Great Britain too, but historically, it was formed by England.  


+33% embargo efficiency and +20% Morale on navies

  • In 1588, the English navy defeated the Spanish Armada, the largest and strongest fleet in Europe at that period in time. Then the English navy became the largest navy in the world, until it was surpassed by the US after WWII.
  • Historically, Britain had strong navies, and lots of colonies in most parts of the world with different varieties of resources. Hence their strong market power has stronger embargo impacts.
National Ideas

1. A Royal Navy: +10% Heavy ship combat ability, +0.25 Yearly navy tradition.

As mentioned above, English navies were the strongest in that era, and heavy ships are the strongest and most expansive ships in game. Also, if the navy has higher navy tradition, it's even stronger. These conditions help the English to dominate the sea in-game.

"Journeys of the Tudors, accompanied by countless courtiers, attendants and their servants devastated the country."  -- A Companion to Tudor Britain

2. The Eltham Ordinance+15% National tax modifier. 

This ordinance was a reform that tried to save the unnecessary royal expenses from tax money. This means more money would be spent on something productive in-game.

3. Secretaries of State+1 Diplomatic relations. 

Since Henry VIII, England has had two secretaries of states to deal with domestic and foreign affairs. In-game, players can deal with one more foreign nation.

4. The Navigation Acts+10% Trade efficiency. 

This is a set of laws based on Mercantilism. It tried to protect England and its colonies' trades. For example, only English ships can be used in domestic trading, and colonies are limited in trading with foreign nations. In-game, players can see the advantage by increasing trade efficiency.

5. English Bill of Rights-1 National unrest, +10% Global tariffs. 

The English Bill of Right was created for separation of power, restricting the royal powers in 1689 after the Glorious Revolution. At the same time, it guaranteed some rights to English citizens and the Parliament. Decreasing unrest in-game can show its efficiency. Later, acts for colonial settlements were issued by the Parliament, such asthe  Townshend Act and Stamp Act. Perhaps this can explain the tariff part.

6. Reform of Commission Buying+5% Discipline 

Buying ranks in the British Army was common in history. However, after this reform, the soldiers only can buy infantry and cavalry ranks up to colonel. It ensured whoever bought the rank would stay in the army until they reached the break-even point of the purchasing cost. At the same time, it ensured the higher rank officials were promoted by merit and seniority. In-game, this shows through enhancing the army's strength. 

7. The Sick and Hurt Board+5% Ship durability

It is the British Navy's responsibility to provide health care to the sick sailors and prisoners of war. This can ensure the sailors' general health. When sailors are healthier, the navy is more durable. In-game, players can see the effect on ships with "higher hitpoints". 


+1 Leader(s) without upkeep

  • Historically, the British had a large colonial empire. Hence, having an extra admiral or general in-game can help them expand as much as they did historically.

2. France

In the EU4 gaming community, France is known as the "Big Blue Blob", with its blue color on the map and its constant conquering of neighbors. Usually, it is one of the strongest powers in Europe and owns a significant number of colonies.


+20% National manpower modifier+1 Diplomatic reputation

  • France had the first permanent army in the 1420s, and they were paid by wages instead of levying peasants. They were recruited in urban areas, which ensured the supply of soldiers.  
  • French was the most commonly used language for diplomatic actions in this period of time, with its strong political power in Western Europe. In later period of the game, France still maintained its strong political influence.
National Ideas

1. French Language in All Courts+15% Income from vassals, −10% Diplomatic annexation cost

As mentioned in the tradition, French was a common language for diplomatic action. Surely it had big influences on its vassals. In the early 1400s, vassals like Toulouse became part of France. Decreasing the cost of diplomatic annexation explains how France integrated its vassals so quickly.

 2. Elan!: +20% Morale of armies

A word that originated in France, it originally means "throw forth with vigor, enthusiasm, and liveliness." An army with elan is less likely to run away and will be able to fight longer in battles -- unlike the French army in WWII.  

3. Estates General+10% National tax modifier

The first estate is theprivileged 1% clergies, the second estate is the nobles, and the third estate is everyone else in France. They were summoned to solve the French financial crisis by King Louis XVI. Historically, it lead to the French Revolution, and Louis XVI got overthrown by the people. But in-game, it seemed like they found a solution peacefully.

4. Native Trading Principles−50% Native uprising chance, +50% Native assimilation

While the Spanish wiped out most of the Aztec and Incan populations in the New World, the French were trading fur with the natives of the Mississippi River with little conflict. As a result, France owned a large colony with trading posts in the Mississippi Valley and formed alliances with some native tribes.  In-game, this can reduce conflicts with natives and make for quicker expansion while colonizing.

5. Vauban Fortifications−20% Fort maintenance

Vauban is a famous French military engineer who served as King Louis XIV's adviser.  His model of fortification influenced on fort building and sieges for the next century.  In-game, reducing fort maintenance allows France to build more forts and better security at the border. 

6. The Philosophes−10% Technology cost

Most modern philosophical ideas originated in France. Jean Jacques Rousseau's idea of Freedom of Speech, and René Descartes's foundation on Rationalism are notable examples of modern ethics. At the same time, philosophers were expects in math and science. In-game, reducing technology researching cost shows the contributions of the philosophers. 

7. Liberté, égalité, fraternité: +2 Tolerance of heretics, +2 Tolerance of heathens

A spin-off of idea 6. This is the motto used in the French Revolution. It means "freedom, equality, and fraternity." In-game, heretics and heathens are people with different religions. In game, it can increase religion unity to prove the tolerance of different religions within France.


+5% Discipline

  • Higher discipline means a stronger army. This is also how Napoleon swept Europe in the Napoleonic Wars.

3. Moscovy/Russia

Historically, Russia was formed by Moscovy, and hence it has the same national ideas as Russia. In-game, Novgorod and Tver also can form Russia. 


+25% National manpower modifier, -20% Infantry cost

  • The Russian army is known for its large size and quick recruitment. Most soldiers were recruited in rural areas, and most of the Russian population were peasants before the Industrial Revolution. In-game, that's how Russia get its large quantity of reserves with cheaper recruitment.
National Ideas

1. Sudebnik-15% Core-creation cost

A set of laws set up by Ivan III, its purpose is to centralize the Russian state. The laws includes criminal justice and property rights. In-game, this is shown by making it easier to turn new conquered provinces into core provinces.

2. Found the Streltsy+50% Land force limit modifier

"Streltsy" means shooting in Russian. This was created by Ivan the Terrible, when he needed to fight with his neighbors constantly. These units were recruited from rural peasants, and Russia had a larger army size. In-game, it's presented as making limit of the army size higher.

3. Oprichnina+10% Manpower recovery speed, -20% Culture conversion cost

This is the secret police created by Ivan the Terrible. Their purpose is mass repression, executions, and watching the aristocrats (mostly from the newly conquered Novgorod). Perhaps these units were added to the Russian army and were able to repress dissidents quickly, and it's shown in-game by recovering reserves and changing other cultures.

4. Abolish the Mestnichestvo+10% Production efficiency

Mestnichestvo is the Russian governance system in the 15th-17th century, wherein officials with seniority got to dictate the government. Peter the Great abolished it after reforming the state. Historically, it gave flexibility by promoting outsiders. In-game, this policy makes Russia more productive with their new officials.

5. Siberian Frontier: Auto-exploration of all territory adjacent to owned home territory, +1 Colonists

After defeating the Khanate of Sibir, Russian cassocks explored and expanded to East Siberia quickly. Within a century, the Russians had expanded to Northeast China and Alaska from the Urals Mountains. In-game, it shows such efficiency with extra colonists and auto-exploration.

6. The Table of Ranks+0.5 Yearly army tradition

These ranks were made by Peter the Great. They are formal lists of military ranks to resolve the boyars' and nobles' power struggle. This table cleared the inner conflict. In-game, it presents with a stronger army.

7. Broathen the curriculum of the Cadet Corps-10% Technology cost

The Cadet Corps was set up in St. Petersburg by Empress Anna. Its purpose was to educate 8-15 years old boys to become military officers. This means more educated officials will be serving the government. In game, these graduates help Russia in technology researches. 


+50% National manpower modifier

  • This an enhancement of the tradition, to allow Russia to have a bigger national reserve in game.

4. Ottoman Empire

This is the only non-colonial nation in this part of the list. However, its large size and army, and its vast wealth, shaped it as one of the strongest nations from collapse of Constantinople to the Industrial Revolution.


+5% Discipline, +3 Tolerance of Heathens

  • The Janissaries were the imperial army of the Ottoman Empire. They were known for their internal cohesion, set up by strict discipline and following order. The game shows their strength with higher discipline.
  • The Ottomans were more tolerant to non-Muslims than most Muslim countries in that period of time. The non-Muslim subjects were given freedom of religion and not persecuted by the Sharia.

1. Millets-33% Core-creation cost, -15% Accepted culture threshold

Not the grain millet, but a set of Muslim Sharia laws.  Within the Ottoman world, it was used to protect minorities. In-game, it makes it easier to turn new conquered provinces into core provinces that are less likely to have ethnic conflicts. 

2. Ghazi+20% Manpower recovery speed

Ghazi is a title for Muslim warriors that engaged in religious war. In the Ottoman Empire, Ghazi is a glorious title for high military ranks of officials who fought against non-Muslims. Perhaps the title encouraged people to join the army, as it helps the the Ottomans have better reserve recovery rates in-game. 

3. Timariot System+15% Cavalry combat ability

Timariots are similar to European medieval knights -- they are cavalries that own fief. They also use their own equipment in war. However, they must obey the Sultan. In-game, these well-equipped cavalries can fight better.

4. Autonomous Pashas-10% Cost of reducing war exhaustion

Pashas are titles given to generals or high-ranking officials in the Ottoman Empire. It is similar to knighthood in Western Europe. In-game, war exhaustion is how much the nation wants to get out of war. If it gets too high, there will be rebellions. Giving autonomy to the Pashas is like giving them partial responsibility for reducing war exhaustion in game. 

5. The Law Code of Suleiman+10% National tax modifier

Historically, Suleiman the Magnificent had done many reforms. Notably, taxation reform of the Christian serfs made the nations gained extra tax income. In game, this contributed as higher national tax. 

6. Tulip Period: +10% Trade efficiency

The Tulip Period is a period of time when the elites and high classes have a high demand of tulips in the early 1700s. Tulips also represented privilege and social status. In game, these wealthy classes bought it too much and increased national trade quotas.

7. Found the Imperial School of Naval Engineering-10% Ship costs

This was a four-year military school built in Istanbul. Its purpose is to train naval officers mentally and physically. With more talented naval officers, ship building should be cheaper, in-game and in reality.


+33% Land force limit modifier

  • The Ottoman Empire is known for its large army from the fall of Constantinople to the Industrial Revolution. 

I am going separate this list into two parts, as this is too long already. The next part will include Netherlands, Castile/Spain, Portugal, and Austria. They were also global powers in this period of time.  

As there were more political entities in the past than the present, I can't research and cover them all. I will still try to cover regional powers like Persia, Ming, Qing, Uzbek/Bukhara, Venice, Bengal, Kongo, Japan, Ayutthaya, Incas, Aztec and Kongo in the following articles (just not the next one).