This is the only game featured on this list that's based on a historical piece of 14th-century literature called The Divine Comedy. This epic is superb, even by today's standards. And the 2010 game by Visceral Games is based on a part this epic poem.
The original poem tells the story of Dante has he journeys through the levels of Hell, guided by the Roman poet Virgil. In Inferno, Dante tells of the nine levels of Hell and how he deals with seeing everything before him while reflecting on things that have happened during his life. From the sexual desires produced by Lust to the brutality of the Violent, Dante faces the ugliest and most disturbing parts of humanity as he travels through the circles of Hell in which they dwell once they have passed.
In the game, Dante is on a similar journey as he undertakes a mission to the center of Hell to rescue his beloved Beatrice from the clutches of Satan himself. Once again Dante meets Virgil, who guides him through each level of Hell. The game follows the course of the poem relatively closely -- apart from the expected artistic license used (such as Dante being a Knight Templar). Dante's Inferno finishes at the foot of Mount Purgatory, but was canceled before a sequel could be released.
The game was released on PS3,Xbox 360, and PSP. It can be found in most second-hand stores or online. If you want to check out Inferno and read through the poem from Purgatory to Paradise, then you can buy the entire Divine Comedy on Amazon for $15.